Film Noir’s Genesis in Literature

Film Noir Image

As the U.S. entered World War II, film noir made its peripatetic appearance. Movies of the film noir ilk were relatively rare and it actually wasn’t until the mid-1940s that this style or genre caught on and an abundance of such movies hit the big screen.

While the film noir style (or genre) borrowed from many sources, it was first inspired by the literary world. Authors like Dashiell Hammett openly criticized the Sherlock Holmes stories as puzzle-solving exercises. For Hammett was “less interested in the solution of a mystery than in portraying his detective hero’s encounters with the evils of modern society in a vivid and compelling fashion.” (According to Out of the Shadows: Expanding the Canon of Classic Film Noir by Gene D. Phillips.)

As Raymond Chandler put it, according to that source, “The solution of the mystery is only the olive in the martini.”

Raymond Chandler and cat. --- Image by © Bettmann/CORBIS

Raymond Chandler and cat. — Image by © Bettmann/CORBIS

The third major literary influence in creating the film noir craze was James M. Cain.

By focusing on the darkness and corruption their protagonists faced while doing their jobs, these writers took the crime “out of the parlor room and onto the streets.”

You may notice that I refer to the film noir genre or style, as there is controversy among film aficionados about which one it is. If it’s a genre, it’s one based on the conventions of various pre-existing movie genres. And it’s a genre with a distinctive tone, philosophy, cinematography … in short, style. But, without a doubt, it was a style captured well by the early pulp fiction writers, whose lone detectives sought answers down the mean streets of whatever city they were in.

FilmNoir

Advertisements
This entry was posted in Film Noir and tagged , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s